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Paints (Short Note)

Definition

Paints are fluids that are applied on a surface to form a hard continuous film on it for protection or decoration.
Wooden and metallic articles are coated with paints to decorate them as well as to protect from corrosion or rusting.

Composition of Paints

Paints are usually composed of three components.
1. Pigments
2. Binders
3. Volatile Solvent
To make a paint, a suitable solvent is used in which both the binder and the pigment are dissolved.

1. Pigments
The pigment of paint gives it colour, it also gives hardness and bulk. Common pigments are titanium dioxide – TiO2 (white), Iron oxide – Fe2O3 (brown or red), Carbon Black – C (black), Chrome Yellow – PbCrO4 (yellow) and organic dyes of various colours.

2. Binders
The binder or vehicle is the part of the paint that carries the pigment particles and hold the entire film of the paint on the surface. Generally some plant oils such as linseed oil, natural and synthetic resin (liquid plastics) are used as binders.

3. Volatile Solvents
To make paint a suitable solvent is selected in which both the pigment and binder are dissolved. The solvent evaporates after the paint is applied. Solvent does not effect the quality of dry paint. Commonly, water or turpentine is used as solvent.

Classification of Paints

On the basis of nature of solvent, the paints are classified into the following two classes.
1. Oil Based Paints
2. Water Based Paints

1. Oil Based Paints
In these paints turpentine is used as solvent. Turpentine is a liquid mixture of hydrocarbon that is obtained from pine trees.

2. Water Based Paints
In these paints, water is used as solvent. Both binders and pigments form a suspension in water.

Fahim Patel

By Fahim Patel

Fahim Patel is the Content Manager of guesspapers.net. A graduate from Karachi University, he has intensive experience in content production.

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